Category Archives: Andorra

Andorra 2011

A parliamentary election was held in Andorra on April 3, 2011. The left-wing Social Democratic Party (PS) led by Jaume Bartumeu had defeated the incumbent centre-right Liberals in 2009, taking 14 out of 28 seats. Faced with two centre-right opposition forces of the same weight, Bartumeu was confirmed by the General Council only when the smallest of the two parties abstained. The opposition blocked the 2010 budget, but the government was able to govern by the 2009 budget but when the opposition blocked the 2011 budget, Andorran law forbade continuing with the same budget for second consecutive year and forced snap elections.

Andorra is in the midst of an important economic crisis, partly brought upon by economic difficulties in Spain and France – the landlocked principality’s two top partners. There is much consensus between right and left on economic issues, the main breaking point being that Bartumeu supports an income tax while the right doesn’t.

The main opposition force this year is the Democrats for Andorra, composed of the Liberals and various smaller centre-right outfits. They are led by former Escaldes mayor Antoni Martí. The centrist Andorra for Change coalition took 18.9% in 2009 and three seats, and running again. The Greens won 3.2% in 2009 and no seats.

Andorra’s General Council of the Valleys has 28 councillors. Of these, half (14) are elected in a nationwide constituency using largest remainders method of PR. Each of Andorra’s seven parishes send two councillors to the General Council. The list winning the most votes in a parish wins both seats.

Democrats for Andorra 55.15% (+22.81%) winning 8 national seats and 12 parochial seats for a total of 20 seats (+9)
Social Democratic Party 34.8% (-10.23%) winning 6 national seats for a total of 6 seats (-8)
Andorra for Change 6.71% (-12.15%) winning 0 seats (-3)
Andorran Greens 3.35% (+0.18%) winning 0 seats (nc)
Lauredian Union winning 2 parochial seats (+2)

The right won a pretty stunning landslide victory, giving Antoni Martí a massive majority and political stability to Andorra. The economic crisis and economic downturn in Andorra probably played a major role in the right’s victory. The DA took over 50% of the list vote in all parishes except Andorra la Vella and broke 60% in three parishes. The DA won the parish seats of all parishes except Sant Julià de Lòria, where the local conservative Lauredian Union – allied to the DA – took both parochial seats.

Andorra 2009: Results

Here are the result of yesterday’s election in Andorra, which I discussed yesterday.

The PR vote is as follows:

Social Democratic Party (PS) and Independents 45.03% (+6.96%) winning 6 PR seats, 8 Parochial seats for a total of 14 seats (+3)
Reformist Coalition (Liberal + Democratic Centre + 21st Century) 32.34% (-19.86%) winning 5 PR seats, 8 Parochial seats for a total of 11 seats (-5)
Andorra for Change (APC) 18.86% (+12.62%) winning 3 PR seats for a total of 3 seats (+2)
Andorran Greens 3.17% (-0.33%%)
National Union for Progress 0.69% (new)

turnout: 75.30% (-5.1%)

Result of the PR vote by parish:

Canillo: Liberal 50.3%, PS 33.8%, APC 12.2%, Greenies 3.1%. UNP 0.5%
Encamp: PS 43.3%, APC 31.8%, Liberal 20.6%, Greenies 3.6%, UNP 0.7%
Ordino: PS 40.6%, Liberal 34.9%, APC 22%, Greenies 2%, UNP 0.5%
La Massana: Liberal 44.6%, PS 40.5%, APC 12.1%, Greenies 2.3%, UNP 0.5%
Andorra la Vella: PS 53.9%, Liberal 25.5%, APC 16%, Greenies 3.8%, UNP 0.8%
Sant Julià de Lòria: Liberal 44.9%, PS 36%, APC 15.9%, Greenies 2.8%, UNP 0.4%
Escaldes-Engordany: PS 46.3%, Liberal 30.1%, APC 19.9%, Greenies 3.2%, UNP 0.5%

And now the results of the parochial vote.

Canillo: Liberals 58%, PS 42%. Result: 2 Liberals (nc)
Encamp: PS 41%, APC 36%, Liberal 18%, Greenies 5%. Result: 2 PS (nc)
Ordino: PS 41%, Independents (PLA) 37%, APC 22%. Result: 2 PS (+2)
La Massana: Liberals 54%, PS 46%. Result: 2 Liberals (nc)
Andorra la Vella: PS 54%, Liberals 27%, APC 14%, Greenies 5%. Result: 2 PS (nc)
Sant Julià de Lòria: Liberals 51%, PS 35%, APC 14%. Result: 2 Liberals (nc)
Escaldes-Engordany: PS 42%, Liberals 31%, APC 22%, Greenies 5%. Result: 2 PS (nc)

This is a historic result for the Socialists and the Andorran left. It is the first time the left wins in Andorra, and by such a margin it is especially historic. I’m not sure about the parliamentary proceedings, but I assume Jaume Bartumeu, the leader of the PS, will become Prime Minister.

Andorra 2009

The tiny landlocked Principality of Andorra squished in between Spain and France votes today, the fifth elections since Andorra adopted a Constitution and ceased to be a feudal (yes, feudal) principality in 1992. It is still co-ruled by the Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the President of France, though their powers are limited to veto powers over matters affecting Spanish and French interests respectively. Andorra is the only country with Catalan as the official language. However, only 33% of Andorrans are actually ethnic Andorrans. There has been a large number of immigrants from Spain (Catalonia and Galicia especially) but also Portugal and France (mostly North Africans)  who have come to live and work in Andorra.

Andorra is a tax haven, and it’s tax haven status has come under fire after the G-20 summit, especially from Co-Prince (lol) Nicolas Sarkozy, who is all over this fiscal paradise stuff. The current Liberal (PLA) Premier, Albert Pintat, has said that he is committed to providing more information about non-citizens holding bank accounts in Andorra. He is negotiating tax treaties which would give Andorra, in return for fiscal transparency on its part, a removal of the Spanish and French duties on Andorran exports. The PLA is a traditional neoliberal party, and opposes taxation. The opposition Social Democrats (PS) have said that they favour the introduction of low income and value-added taxes as opposed to the current indirect taxation (levied on water, telecommunications and so forth). Another issue is Andorra’s relationship with the EEA. Andorra currently has a loose (economic, social, and cultural) bilateral agreement with the EU. The PS supports a full association agreement with the EEA, but the PLA is more reticent.

Andorra’s General Council of the Valleys has 28 councillors. Of these, half (14) are elected in a nationwide constituency using largest remainders method of PR. Each of Andorra’s seven parishes send two councillors to the General Council. The list winning the most votes in a parish wins both seats.

I outlined the two major parties above, the PLA and PS. The PLA is a neoliberal party, and the PSD is a typical PES party opposed to neoliberalism. Other parties include the Andorra for Change coalition, which includes the Democratic Renewal Party (a PS ally locally in 2005). Andorra for Change rejects any changes to the tax system. The Andorran Greens won 3.5% in 2005 but failed to win a seat.

As of now, 53% of the votes have been counted. For the 14 PR seats, the distribution of votes is as follows:

Social Democratic Party (PS) and Independents 44.87% (+6.8%) [6 PR seats in 2005]
Reformist Coalition (Liberals and local allies) 32.10% (-9.11%) [6 PR seats in 2005]
Andorra for Change 18.82% (+12.58%)
Andorran Greens 3.53% (+0.03%)
National Union for Progress 0.69% (new)

The Andorran Democratic Centre-21st Century alliance won 2 PR seats (10.99%) in 2004, but don’t seem to be running this time.

As for the parishes, here are the results. And here is a map.

Canillo (100%): Liberals 58%, PS 42%. Projection: 2 Liberals (nc)
Encamp (47%): PS 40%, Change 37%, Liberal 17%, Greenies 5%. Projection: 2 PS (nc)
Ordino (48%): PS 40%, Independents (PLA) 35%, Change 24%. Projection: TCTC (2 PLA in 2005)
La Massana (30%): Liberals 57%, PS 43%. Projection: 2 Liberals (nc)
Andorra la Vella (69%): PS 54%, Liberals 26%, Change 14%, Greenies 5%. Projection: 2 PS (nc)
Sant Julià de Lòria (68%): Liberals 58%, PS 35%, Change 13%. Projection: 2 Liberals (nc)
Escaldes-Engordany (62%): PS 42%, Liberals 31%, Change 22%, Greenies 5%. Projection: 2 PS (nc)

Ordino will decide the election outcome. It’s the swing parish! If the PS wins Ordino, it has 8 seats against 6 Liberals. In the PR vote, they’ll probably get 6 seats, against 4/5 Liberals, 3 Change, and potentially one Greenie. So, my calculations give around 14 seats for the Socialists, 10 or 11 Liberals, 3 Change, and maybe one Greenie (giving 10 Liberals in that case).