Monthly Archives: December 2008
Final results for the 299 seats which held a vote on December 29 are now out. Voting in Noakhali-1 constituency, where voting was delayed due to the death of a candidate, will be held on January 12.
Awami League 230 (+168)
Jatiya Party (Ershad) 27 (+16)
JSD-National Socialist Party 3 (+2)
Workers Party 2 (+1)
Liberal Democratic 1 (+1)
Grand Alliance 263 (+188)
BNP 29 (-164)
Jamaat-e-Islami 2 (-15)
Bangladesh Jatiya Party 1 (-4)
Four-Party Alliance 32 (-183)
Indies 4 (-2)
By region, the AL won16 out of 21 Barisal seats, 32/57 Chittagong seats, 87/94 Dhaka seats, 48/72 Rajshani seats, 30/36 Khulna seats, and 17/19 Sylhet seats. The BNP won no seats in Dhaka or Sylhet. A bit overhalf of the 27 Jatiya MPs come from Rajshani. An attempt at a general map will be posted when some popular vote results is available by district.
With data in from 229 out of 230 constituencies, it appears that John Atta-Mills (NDC, centre-left) has won the election. According to the ECG, the results are too close to call since the margin of victory is smaller than the number of registered voters in the lone constituency left to report: Tain constituency, in Brong Ahafo region. The region voted for Akufo-Addo but the constituency gave Atta-Mills 50.7% against nearly 47% for Akufo-Addo. Tain will vote on January 2, for unknown reasons. It is unlikely that the results could change, or atleast that’s what I think. WorldElections.com projects an Atta-Mills victory. Maybe WorldElections.com will go all Florida 2000 and retract our projection, though!
Atta-Mills (NDC) 50.13%
Akufo-Addo (NPP) 49.87%
A map will come a bit later, when all the results are in by region.
Elections to the National Assembly (Jatiyo Sangshad) were held yesterday in Bangladesh. These were the first elections since 2001 and are the likely end to the recent political crisis in the country. Turnout was 80%, the highest in Bengali history. The Electoral Commish has results for 295/300 seats. Four are unknown, and voting in one constituency was postponed due to the death of a candidate. The opposition Awami League, a nominally socialist party, but whose real ideology is corruption, won a landslide mainly because it was not the government. Bangladesh is generally anti-incumbent. The 2001-2007 government led by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP, not as bad as the British BNP but comes close), a conservative-nationalist but also corrupt party, took a thumping. The Awami League is generally secular and more multi-ethnic, promoting Bengali identity. The BNP is generally very conservative and Islamist, promoting more of a Muslim identity. The election was generally clean, and a lot of dead voters were purged and photo ID cards were required to prevent fraud.
Awami League 228 (+166)
Jatiya Party (Ershad) 27 (+16)
JSD-National Socialist Party 3 (+2)
Workers Party 2 (+1)
Liberal Democratic 1 (+1)
Grand Alliance 261 (+186)
BNP 27 (-166)
Jamaat-e-Islami 2 (-15)
Bangladesh Jatiya Party 1 (-4)
Four-Party Alliance 30 (-185)
Indies 4 (-2)
The Islamists also took a thumping, partly because it was affiliated with the BNP, and partly because it has lost popularity. For those wondering, the JSD is not a Nazi party, despite the name, but a socialist party.
AL leader and ex-PM Sheikh Hasina, daughter of former dictator Mujibur Rahman, will become Prime Minister. Hasina was formerly jailed for corruption, as was the leader of the BNP, Khaleda Zia, widow of another dictator. Both were released to run in the election. Ironically, the Awami League campaigned on the popular slogan of change and led an anti-corruption campaign aimed at the incumbents, the BNP (the BNP government from 2001 to 2007 was incompetent, even by the low standards for Bengali governments).
More when the PV data is released and when we have final results.
Results for the state assembly elections were counted yesterday. Turnout was about 60%, despite calls by the nats to boycott the polls.
JKNC 28 (-)
PDP 20 (+4)
INC 17 (-3)
BJP 11 (+10)
Indies 4 (-9)
JKNPP 3 (-1)
CPI (M) 1 (-1)
People’s Democratic Front 1 (+1)
JK Democratic Party – Nationalist 1 (+1)
BSP 0 (-1)
JKAL 0 (-1)
DM 0 (-1)
The BJP gained a lot in Jammu, while the NC lost some ground there.
Haven’t followed it very closely, but from what I read on the interwebs, the JKNC (pro-India) and INC could form a government, which would have 45 seats. It could seek support from Indies and smaller parties to prop it up and ensure stability for the assembly’s full term. The Chief Minister would be Omar Abdhullah, the JKNC leader.
NDTV has an interactive Flash map with the results by constituency here.
Seeing as we’re only about six months from the 2009 EU elections, which is one of the greatest elections in the world (27 countries voting on one day!), might be time for some early (and certainly not final) predictions. I won’t go into actual seat predictions and toy around with percentages yet as we don’t know who will run and who will not run, so this is just some general stuff on who will come first and so forth.
December 27, 2008 Predictions (as of now, with current polling and situation)
Austria (19): SPÖ defeats ÖVP. The FPÖ will likely do very well (potentially going back to its 1999 level) and so will the BZÖ, if they run. The combined fascist vote could even be higher than all other parties. HPM’s anti-corruption list could stay in, but they seem likely to lose a few votes. At worst, they could get wiped out. Save for HPM, it could be a repeat of 1999 for some parties (especially the top three, perhaps). SPÖ (PES)
Belgium (22): Hard to predict. The CDV and any Flemish non-radical right-wing party will lose votes in Flanders, and the liberal MR will lose some in Wallonia too, but less so. That should benefit the Walloon Christiandems, CDH. The Flemish far-right nats, Vlaams Belang should do kind of well, as will the VLD. The two greenie parties, who lost ground in 2004, could probably be the real winners, especially the French Ecolo, which is over 15% in polls. The Flemish Pym Fortuyn-like Ljist Dedecker should do very well, possibly third in Flanders. Polls have them at around 16%, which is up 10% compared to the 2007 situation. Split situation (CDV in Flanders, PS in Wallonia)
Bulgaria (18): The BSP government seems cursed as all other Bulgarian governments in the past in that they never win re-election. The new GERB, an EPP member, which won the 2007 by-election will likely do so again and probably gain votes. The Turkish minority MRF is hard to predict, since they always find a way to cheat in order to win more votes. Unless they cheat as they did in 2007, they won’t win 20% again and will probably win only 8-10% (granted that they don’t fudge the results). The NDSV will collapse and lose its sole MEP. Ataka will lose votes too, but not as much as NDSV will. GERB (EPP)
Cyprus (6): Very little to back up this prediction, but juding from Christofias’ very high popularity (75%), the communist AKEL could win big here. AKEL (EUL-NGL)
Czech Republic (22): ČSSD did awful in 2004 (8%), when they formed government nationally, but the conservative ODS won the 2006 election, and is now the unpopular party. ČSSD will win easily, and the Communist Party, which did abnormally well in 2004 (mostly normal ČSSD voters), will fall back to normal levels (a bit above 10%). Hard to predict for the SNK, but they could either do well (disenchanted ODS voters) or poorly (2006 electoral levels). The Greenies could win some seats. ČSSD (PES)
Denmark (13): The governing Venstre (Liberals) trails the opposition Social Democrats in polls by a few points, so it looks like the Social Democrats will win, as they did in 2004. SF could be the big winner here, possibly taking up to 18% or even 20% (though that’s a tad unlikely). Hard to predict how all the anti-EU parties will do (June Movement, N and so forth). The Social Liberal will lose votes. SD (PES)
Estonia (6): Seems to be a close race between the Centre and Reform, both ALDE members. The Social Democrats will collapse after their 2004 victory. Centre seems favoured. Politics have changed a lot here since 2004. KESK-Centre (ELDR)
Finland (13): As in 2004, you probably won’t see a clear winner coming out of this one, as Finnish elections are often close three-way ties (between conservatives, Centre, and the SDs). In fact, the 2007 election went something like Centre 23%, conservatives 22%, SDs 21%. The conservative National Coalition (KOK) has a 1% or so lead in national polling, with Centre second and SDs close third. The election could be very similar to 2004. KOK (EPP)
France (74): I suspect I’ll post a long post on my French elections blog in a little while on this, so I won’t write a lot here. PS narrowly wins against the UMP (improving on its disastrous 2004 result), but third parties do well. The far-left (NPA) could re-enter parliament, with the PCF and MPF at risk of losing all their seats. PS (PES)
Germany (96): Could be similar to 2004 in a few ways with the now-governing CDU/CSU winning by a healthy margin, but the FDP could do significantly better if its high poll ratings translate into EU support, as could Die Linke. About the usual levels for the Greenies, maybe a bit lower than in 2004 (10% instead of 12%). CDU/CSU (EPP)
Greece (22): Important PASOK victory over the corrupt ND government. However, in terms of actual votes, the PASOK won’t do ridiculously well (and could even lose some votes and seats), but smaller and more extremist parties (KKE, LAOS, and SYRIZA [radical left]) doing exceptionally well. Combined KKE and SYRIZA could very well be in the 25-30% range. The Greenies, a new party, might (big might) even win seats. A few polls put them in the 4-5% range recently. ND will obviously be the biggest loser (they won 43% in 2004, and could win something like 30% this time). PASOK (PES)
Hungary (22): The MSZP (socialist) government is overwhelmingly hated, and Fidesz is overwhelmingly popular. They’re at 60% in polls. Fidesz will easily win, probably with over 50% of the votes, if not 60%, while the two smaller parties (MDF and SZDSZ, the MSZP’s junior coalition partner) could potentially be wiped out. Fidesz (EPP)
Ireland (12): Fine Gael victory. The FF government is quite unpopular, and Fine Gael is even the first party in polls (something that is quite rare in Irish elections). Labour (FG’s traditional coalition partner) could also gain, though Sinn Fein could fall from a rare 11% in 2004 to lower usual levels (around 7-8%). Not really related per se to actual votes, but it’ll be interesting to see where Fianna Fail will go after the election: its current Gaullist grouping, UEN, is likely to die out in 2009, and a Europhile party like FF doesn’t fit very well into a Euroskeptic grouping like this one. It attempted to join ELDR in 2004, and it could do so after this election. FG (EPP)
Italy (73): The PdL is likely to win a relatively strong victory, after “losing” (FI+AN: 31.6%, Olive: 31.1%) to the left in 2004. However, Italian political parties have changed remarkably in five years, with a lot of parties now dead or significantly weakened while other parties are significantly stronger or entirely new. Will be interesting to see if the Rainbow Left parties (both Commie parties and the Greenies) run together or not. Separately, they won 10.9% all together in 2004, and that could likely be halved in 2009. Look out for the Lega Nord and the autonomists. LN did very well in recent regional elections in Trentino and MPA did surprisingly well in Abruzzo a few weeks ago. They could make some strong gains. Expect those tiny parties to lose their MEPs, unless they conclude an alliance with the PdL or PD. PdL (EPP)
Latvia (9): Hard to predict too. The 2004 winner, Fatherland and Freedom, probably won’t win this year as they’re quite weaker now. No polls to be seen out of here, so I’m going to predict a victory for the governing People’s Party. The Union of Greens and Farmers could make gains, while the Russian minority party (PCTVL) and national-conservative New Era could lose lots of ground. TP (EPP)
Lithuania (12): The only thing to base this prediction on is the recent general election. If those results are any indication, the EPP member Homeland Union – Christian Democrats could “win” (they won less than 20% in the general election). The Labour Party (which, don’t be fooled, isn’t a left-wing party) which won the 2004 elections could lose a lot of its seats. Politics have changed a lot since 2004 here. TS-LKD (EPP)
Luxembourg (6): Hard to predict, but I would say that the CSV will win re-election since the CSV almost always win Luxembourgish elections. The liberal Democratic Party could lose its only seat, but that isn’t extremely likely. The Greens don’t see to have a lot of space to expand further than their record 15% in 2004. Luxembourg doesn’t have weird results that come as a result of low turnout, since voting is compulsory. CSV (EPP)
Malta (6): Another country that’s hard to predict. The Labour Party won the 2004 election against the Nationalists, but the Nationalists narrowly won re-election in a general election this year. Predicting a Labour victory until polls are published. PL (PES)
Netherlands (26): Very narrow CDA (Christian Democratic) victory over PvdA (Labour), as in 2004. Wilder’s Party for Freedom could do quite well, as could D66, which seems to be in an upwards swing (D66 has the most volatile electoral base ever). If the national-conservative outfit called ToN (Proud of the Netherlands) runs, it would do poorly. They’re collapsing in current polls. CDA (EPP)
Poland (51): Turnout gives weird results here, as seen in 2004. So take these with a grain of salt. Maybe a bag of salt. The PO government is overwhelmingly popular in polls, and unless turnout is weird or they become unpopular before June, the PO could win a huge victory (possibly over 50% of the votes). PiS would come second. The People’s Party and whatever the divided lefties are calling themselves (Democratic Left, I think it is now) will probably perform under the 10% mark. The Bible-bashers (LPR) and the kooky nat Samoobrona will likely lose all their seats after doing quite well in 2004. PO (EPP)
Portugal (22): The governing Socialists (PS) are relatively popular, so they are likely to win, though they might lose votes and seats compared to nearly 45% in 2004. Remains to be seen whether or not the Social Democrats (what the Portuguese conservatives call themselves, ironically) and the People’s Party run together or not. Together, they could come close the PS. Maybe even come out on top. PS (PES)
Romania (33): Hard to say, given that the last general election was quite tight. Going to say PD-L until we can get a clearer idea of how the new government does and when we know the lists. Anyways, it looks tight between PD-L and PSD. PD-L (EPP)
Slovakia (13): The current Smer (social democratic) government is very popular, and will win quite easily. The fascist SNS, Smer’s disturbing coalition partner, could come a very distant second. Smer (PES)
Slovenia (8): The Social Democrats won the recent elections in 2008, so that’s possibly the best guide to predict until polls come out. Another country where the political scene has changed a lot since 2004. SD (PES)
Spain (54): The troubles in financeland and its effects on the Spanish economy have seriously hurt the PSOE government. No real polls have come out since the March election, but the PSOE government has negative approval ratings. The Popular Party, the main conservative party, which is quite disturbing, could win. The nationalist parties of all stripes, whether the Catalonian nats (ERC), autonomists (CiU), or the Basque nats (EAJ-PNV) are losing popular support, so they stand to lose a few seats. But maybe since the PP is very weak in Catalonia and Euskadi, and the Socialists are the main opposition, they could hold on. The Basque elections in March 2009 will tell us more. The United Left (IU), of which the Communist Party is the main component, is in a downwards swing and could lose votes and perhaps, big perhaps, all of its MEPs. PP (EPP)
Sweden (20): The current centre-right government currently trails the opposition Red-Green coalition in polls, as most Swedish centre-right governments usually end up doing. However, the gap between opposition and government has been narrowed significantly due to the economic crisis and the fact that the Social Democrat’s leader is quite goofy. As it stands now, however, the Social Democrats are likely to win. It’s hard to predict how the June List (a Euroskeptic list that won 15% in 2004, but less than 1% when running the 2006 elections) will do. It could either collapse or remain at current levels. All major parties will want to improve on their 2004 result, or else, they would be quite humiliated (all parties got their lowest result ever since 19__ in 2004). SD (PES)
United Kingdom (73): A few months ago, it would have been easy to predict this: large Tory victory. However, Labour has significantly rebounded since the troubles in financeland and they only narrowly trail the Tories in polls. The Tories are still likely to win, but as it stands right now, not overwhelmingly. Both Labour and the Tories will increase their vote share, the LibDems will likely hold stable or make minimal gains in votes. All this to the detriment of the UKIP, which, judging by its collapse in the GLA elections this year, could suffer quite a defeat. The SNP and Plaid could also gain, and in the case of the SNP, some important gains in votes. The fascist/racist BNP could also win seats, as this is a proportional system. They won a bit less than 5% in 2004. Conservative (ED)
Take all this with a grain of salt. These predictions will be updated a bit later on as we get a good idea of the lists actually running, any joint coalitions, polling, and political developments. On another note, since EU turnout is at a joke-level in many countries, low turnout creates weird results with the kookiest of parties doing well and some established parties doing awful.
Europe-wide, a topic very rarely talked about by the locally-obsessed national media, there could be interesting changes in the parliamentary groups. The Gaullist-oriented national-conservative UEN, whose top two parties are the Irish Fianna Fail, the Polish PiS, and the Italian National Alliance could very well disappear in 2009. FF is a centrist pro-European party, so it’s place in the UEN is a bit odd to start out with. They already tried to join ELDR in 2004. The National Alliance merged with Forza Italia in 2007 under the tin pot name People of Liberty (PdL) and PdL will inherit FI’s EPP membership. PiS could join another grouping in 2009, and the two other Polish members, Samoobrona and LPR, will likely get creamed and lose everything. The current UEN has 44 MEPs, if you substract 4 FF, 8 AN, 4 Latvian MEPs, 7 PiS, 5 LPR, 5 Samoobrona, and 3 rump Polish MEPs, you’re left with only 8 UEN MEPs. You need 20 MEPs for a group. On top of that, the Italian Lega Nord is uncomfortable in the UEN and may try re-joining the regionalist EFA, though they might get rejected since they’re racist xenophobes. A few of the remaining UEN MEPs, if there are any after June 2009, might join Independence/Democracy, another Euroskeptic group.
The British Tories/Ulster Unionists and the Czech ODS are talking about leaving the European Democrats, a conservative Euroskeptic body attached to EPP, to form a new group/party, the Movement for European Reform (MER). The Polish PiS is interested, as is a UEN-member Latvian party. Without the Tories and ODS, the EUDemocrats would be left with one Italian MEP, and would be dissolved.
This map was posted a few days/weeks ago on StrangeMaps.com and other places on the interwebs. Quite an interesting division. The map superimposes the borders of the old Kaiserreich on the results map of the 2007 Polish Sejm election. PO, Civic Platform, is a centre-right party and generally the most liberal and pro-Western. PiS, Law and Justice, is ultra-conservative, nationalistic, and populist. The other parties, which win anywhere from 8 to 15%, are less significant. LiD, Left and Democrats, which doesn’t exist anymore, was a coalition of mainly European social democratic parties with a small social liberal party (Democratic Party-demokraci.pl). PSL, Polish People’s Party, used to be a socialist party, but is now a centrist/Christiandem agrarian party. Other parties not on this map include the LPR, League of Polish Families, a ultra-conservative Christian right (and slightly anti-semitic party) party; and Samoobrona, a leftie nationalist and very populist party. Also a bunch of hypocrites (see the EU membership referendum in 2003). LPR and Samoobrona did well in the 2004 EU elections and 2005 Sejm elections, but were wiped out in 2007.
The divide between PO and PiS is quite interesting, especially when compared to the Kaiserreich. The PO generally wins the formerly German areas (now, don’t get fooled, there are very little Germans actually left there, save for a bit in Silesia) while PiS wins the formerly Russian areas. PiS seems to do best in the rural, settled areas, such as the old Polish lands around the Vistula. And also the old Hapsburg Galicia (they seem to have done especially well there). Galicia seems to be the region that prefers xenophobia and Bible-thumping the most. The very scary LPR also did best in the east in the 2004 EU elections. The west is much more urban (look at a railway map of Poland, you get the same pattern) and the population is much less settled, quite a big percentage of the people there got dumped there post-war. PO is the generally pro-business party, so they also do well in the most economically liberal areas, such as Warsaw, which was part of Czarist Russia and not the Kaiserreich. Western Poland benefited the most from the post-Communist reforms.
Jammu and Kashmir (India) finished state elections yesterday. The election took 7 phases.
Jammu and Kashmir is 67% Muslim, and 97% in Kashmir. Jammu is 65% Hindu and 31% Muslim. Ladakh, which has the smallest population (2% of the total, against 54% in Kashmir and 44% in Jammu), is 47% Muslim and 46% Buddhist/others.
The last election took place in October 2002, and before that, in 1996.
JKNC 28.24% winning 28 seats
INC 24.24% winning 20 seats
PDP 9.28% winning 16 seats
Indies 16.50% winning 13 seats
JKNPP 3.83% winning 4 seats
CPI (M) 0.88% winning 2 seats
BJP 8.57% winning 1 seat
BSP 4.50% winning 1 seat
JKAL 0.91% winning 1 seat
DM 0.62% winning 1 seat
The INC formed a coalition government including the PDP and the JKNPP. However, the PDP left government in June 2008 and JK has been under President’s rule (an article in the Indian constitution allows the federal government to take over the state government when no clear majority can be formed).
There are 87 seats up for grabs, and 1,354 candidates in all.
A government coalition has been formed in Romania, a bit less than a month after the legislative elections. The PSD and PD-L, the two largest parties, have formed a grand coalition. It has 229 seats in the lower house, out of 334 seats. Or, over two-thirds of seats (69%). In the Senate, it has 100 out of 137 seats, or 73% of seats.
However, it does not seem that the UDMR has entered government and will likely form the opposition with the PNL.
Emil Boc (PD-L), former Mayor of Cluj-Napoca, is Prime Minister. Dan Nica (PSD) is Deputy PM. There are 9 PD-L ministers, 8 PSD ministers, and one ex-PNL Independent (Cătălin Predoiu, Justice, top post). There is one PSD Minister delegate, Victor Ponta in Relations with Parliament.
PSD leader Mircea Geoană is the new leader of the Senate, and PD-L MEP Roberta Alma Anastasa is the new leader of the Chamber of Deputies.
“Elections” were held in Turkmenistan on Sunday December 14, and there’s nothing like “elections” when it comes to having a good laugh, sadly. There are 125 FPTP seats, just another way to prevent anybody except from the government apparatchiks to win seats. Ethnic minorities were not even allowed to run.
Theoretically, there was “progress” made, by allowing parties other than the Democratic Party (DPT) to run candidates. Of course, nobody else signed up except for pro-DPT indies. Even then, tradition says that elections must still be tricked. The observers, mostly from other CIS nations that like to hold fake elections, reported that it was free and fair.
“The parliamentary elections were well-organized, competitive and free. They were held in compliance with election legislation in effect in the country and generally recognized norms of democratic elections, and were marked by high voter turnout.”
—Sergei Lebedev, head of the CIS election observation team (also happens to be in the SVR, the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service)
93% turned out to vote. According to slightly more reliable sources, more like 30% turned out.
A few other quotes: “I didn’t vote… Why vote if the electoral commission members are going to do it instead of us?” and “We were told in advance who to vote for, so we did”.
WorldElections projects: DPT and allies 125. 100% accuracy certified.
The right has gained another region in Italy, after winning back Friuli-Venezia Giulia. PdL candidate Giovanni Chiodi defeated IdV-PD candidate Carlo Costantini in the direct vote for President 48.81-42.67. Turnout was only 52.97%, down from 68.58% in 2005.
Full results. The UDC is excluded from the 2006 right-wing totals since they ran alone this time. UDEUR is excluded from the left in 2006 and included with the UDC.
Giovanni Chiodi (PdL) 48.81% (8 regional seats)
Carlo Costantini (IdV-PD) 42.67% (1 regional seat)
Rodolfo de Laurentiis (UDC-UDEUR) 5.38%
Teodoro Buontempo (Destra) 1.90%
Ilaria del Biondo (PCL) 0.76%
Angelo di Prospero (PBC) 0.46%
PdL 35.18% (+8.00%) 15 (+7)
DC-LD-PRI-Rialzati Abruzzo 7.41% (+7.41%) 3 (+3)
MPA 3.32% (+3.32%) 1 (+1)
Liberalsocialisti 1.42% (+0.46%) compared to NPSI
PdL 47.36% (+14.57%) 19 seats (+10)
PD 19.61% (-15.72%) 7 (-5)
IdV 15.03% (+12.58%) 5 (+4)
PRC 2.84% (-2.07%) 1 (-)
Sinistra (Greens) 2.22% (+0.21%) 1 (-)
PCI 1.83% (-1.15%) 1 (-)
PS 1.73% (-3.48%) 0 (-2)
Democrats for Abruzzo 1.38% (+1.38%)
PD-IdV-PRC 44.65% (-13.26%) 15 seats (-4)
UDC-UDEUR 5.61% (-7.54%) 2 seats (-2)
Destra 1.76% (+1.76%)
PCL 0.37% (+0.37%)
PBC 0.22% (+0.22%)
The MPA’s excellent result is one of the most striking things here. A Sicilian-based DC-like crook party, the MPA apparently allied with a small “Alliance for Central Italy” party in Abruzzo and other regions to set up a strong MPA structure there. Didn’t work out too badly, indeed. The IdV also did well, but a bit less than I could have expected. Costantini, however, an IdVer himself, did worse than the combined left-wing coalition in the council. A poor result for the UDC-UDEUR coalition, especially when compared to combined UDC-UDEUR totals in ’05.
A quick map. Interesting to compare a few of those maps (PdL, for example) to the past electoral maps posted in the other post. The PdL candidate was the Mayor of Teramo, so he had a bit of favourite son support in Teramo and the combined right broke 50% there. Lots of differences in the MPA result: below 0.5% in Teramo, above 6% in L’Aquila.